Bangalore, the fifth largest city in India is the capital
of Karnataka. The presence of many parks
and botanical gardens gave the name of
' Garden city ' to Bangalore. Any tourist
can start his tour from Bangalore with
its ancient forts, temples, gardens and
shopping. All important tourist attraction
in Karnataka can be reached with in a
day's journey from Bangalore.
The modern city of Bangalore ('Bengaluru') was
founded by Kempe Gowda, the Vijayanagar Chieftain
of Yelahanga, over 400years ago. But ancient inscriptions
pointing to the existence of a village called
'Bengaluru' prior to the 10th century AD.
Kempe Gowda built a mud fort
in his city with 8 gates which lent their names
to different areas inside the fort. Inside the
fortress walls, the city grew into a commercial
haven divided into localities ('Pet') where individual
trades dominated each area. To this day these
areas bear their old names such as Chickpet (little
town), Dodda pet (big town ), Taragupet (grain
market ), Halipet (cotton market) etc. Kempe Gowda
also built several temples including Gavi Gangeswara
Temple at Gavipuram and the Bull temple at Basavanagudi.
In 1687 the Moghuls captured
Bangalore from the Sultan of Bijapur and gave
it on lease and later sold to King Chikkadevaraya
Wodiyar of Mysore. In 1761 Hyderali rebuilt the
fort with stone. It was the stronghold of Hyderali
and Tipu Sultan. In 1807 the British shifted their
cantonment from Srirangapatnam to Bangalore. The
19th century saw Bangalore growing into an administrative
center and a prime residential area. Mysore State
was acceded to the Indian Union in 1947 with Bangalore
as its capital. In 1973 Mysore State was renamed
Located at an altitude of 920m (3021ft)
from the sea level,Bangalore has a moderate
and pleasant climate throughout the year.
During summer the temparature reach a
maximum of 27o Celcius. Winters are colder
when temparature goes down to 20o C. Bangalore
enjoys both southwest and northeast monsoons.
October and November are the wettest months.The
Monsoons are during June - Sept. Bangalore
has a domestic airport that connects most
of the major cities of the country. A
few international flights are also operated
from here. The city is connected by rail
and roads to all parts of the country.
tourist information can be obtained from
Karnataka State Tourism Development Corporation
in Bangalore located at 10/4, Kasturba Road,
Bangalore 560 001. Their tourist information
counters are located at Badami House, Bangalore
560002, airport, railway stations and bus
terminals. Most of the star hotels also
provide tourist information for their inmates.